WHAT TO DO TO PESTS EACH MONTH OF THE YEAR
During calm dry weather fruit-tree spraying should be carried out. Caustic soda or tar-oil winter washes may be used. If pruning is done this month, be sure to gather up and burn all twigs as they may be harbouring.
Sterilizefor indoor tomatoes. If you sow this month, damp the seed and dip in carbolic powder to keep off mice. Potassium sulphate spray should be used on vines attacked by mildew.
Dig naphthalene or other soil fumigants into the ground before. Remove by hand “Big Bud” from currants.
When sowing your lawn mix carbolic powder with the seed to keep off the birds. All fruit trees liable to be attacked by mildew should be sprayed with Nicotine wash, or in the case of gooseberries use lime sulphur.
Greasebanding against Woolly aphis should be renewed early this month. If the Bean aphis or Black Dolphin has appeared on the, pinch out the affected shoots, and spray with Quassia solution. Cockchafer beetles may be caught by shaking fruit trees over tarred boards or sacks. Arsenate of lead sprays should be used on gooseberries against Sawfly. Raspberries should also be sprayed against moth larvae.
Look out for green-fly on rose trees and spray with soft soap solution. Cuckoo spit insect or Froghopper should be destroyed by hand if possible. Spraying with nicotine soap is fairly effective.
Potatoes should be sprayed with Bordeaux Mixture early this month against the potato disease. Plants such as celery andliable to attack from the leaf-mining maggot should be watched and all affected leaves removed and burned. Spray with soft soap solution. Rose trees sometimes show signs of mildew during this month. Liver of sulphur spray should be used for this.
Towards the end of this monthsuffering from Potato Disease should have their haulms carefully removed and burned, leaving the tubers in the ground to ripen. are usually attacked by earwigs, so inverted flower pot traps should be placed on the tops of their stakes.
Raspberries should be sprayed with arsenate of lead against Sawfly. If digging has commenced, a soil fumigant may be applied to the ground, such as naphthalene. This will be especially beneficial where Club Root is prevalent.
Greasebanding should be completed by the middle of this month. A good dressing of lime may be given after digging to clean the ground of wireworms, asparagus beetle, club root, moth grubs, cockchafer grubs, etc.
This is the month of bonfires. All fruit tree prunings, diseased tops of potatoes, leaves from diseased trees, and tiresome, should be burned and the ashes stored for future use. Go over stores of fruit and vegetables and destroy any showing sign of disease. Woolly aphis may be dealt with by injecting carbon bisulphide into the soil round the roots of affected trees.
On calm, dry days fruit tree spraying may be carried out. Greenhouses and frames may be thoroughly cleaned, white-washed and fumigated if they have been visited by any pests or diseases during the past season. Flower pots, and seed boxes and pans should also be cleaned ready for spring sowings.