Types of Tulips
There are several classes of tulip. Start with the single and double earlies, flowering from middle to late April, the cottage and lily-flowered for early May, and the darwins and parrots for mid- to late May. Plant in late October, 4 in. deep and 4 in. apart. Tulips are usually lifted annually, but if theis good and the bulbs healthy, most , with the exception of the earlies, can be left in the same place for more than a year provided all dead and decaying foliage is removed at the earliest opportunity and burnt.
SINGLE EARLY TULIPS
These are the tulips most generally used for bedding. They vary in height from about 10 to 16 in., but the very tall ones should be avoided unless the garden is sheltered from strong winds. Lift the bulbs each year when the foliage has died down, and ripen them off in a reserve bed. Single earlies seldom make good bulbs again under two years, so it is as well to buy fresh stock each year.
Couleur Cardinal, deep cardinal-red.
General De Wit, golden-orange.
Ibis, deep rose-pink.
Keizerskroon, scarlet and yellow.
Rising Sun, deep yellow.
White Hawk, pure white.
DOUBLE EARLY TULIPS
These last well, but must have full sun.
Goya, orange-red and yellow.
Mr. Van der Hoef, pure yellow.
Peach Blossom, rosy-pink.
Wilhelm Kordes, orange.
Varieties in this class grow up to 2 ft. high, and can be naturalized in rough grass. Provided the garden conditions are suitable, they do not require annual lifting.
Carrara, pure white.
Dido, coral-pink, yellow margin.
G. W. Leak, geranium-scarlet.
Inglescombe Yellow, canary-yellow.
Marshal Haig, scarlet.
This is a most graceful section, with pointed petals slightly turned back at the tip. They vary in height from U to 2 ft., and are particularly good for cutting.
China Pink, satin-pink.
Dyanito, glowing red.
Ellen Willmott, primrose-yellow.
Golden Duchess, golden-yellow.
Picotee, white feathered rose.
White Triumphator, pure white.
These are probably the easiest class of permanent tulip to grow. They have stems up to 2-½ ft. high and their flowers are more or less egg-shaped.
Charles Needham, red.
Clara Butt, delicate pink.
La Tulipe Noire, maroon-black.
White Giant, white.
These tulips, with their large flamboyant flowers, heavily cut petals and strange mixture of colours, are valuable for cutting for indoor decoration and always attract attention.
All are about 2 ft.
Blue Parrot, bluish-heliotrope.
Fantasy, rose and green.
Orange Parrot, deep orange. Sweet scented.
Red Parrot, scarlet.
Texas Gold, yellow and red.
White Parrot, pure white.
WILD SPECIES OF TULIP
These are best grown inand should be left where planted. Good kinds are: Tulipa fosteriana and its varieties, 8 in., all in some shade of vivid scarlet.
T.f. ‘Madame Lefeber’ (Red Emperor), about 15 in., blazing orange-scarlet.
T.f. ‘Rockery Beauty’, 8 in., brilliant scarlet, the best of the dwarf varieties.
T. kaufmanniana (water-lily tulip), from Central Asia, of dwarf habit — 6 to 8 in., early flowering with large ivory-white flowers with a crimson stain on the outer petals.
T.k. ‘The First’, creamy-yellow with vivid red exterior.
There are many other wild species but they should be tried only if they can be given good drainage in a raised bed, full sun and no artificial watering in the summer. The easiest to grow are:
T. chrysantha, yellow inside, red outside. 7′. cichleri, pure scarlet. 7′. orphanidea, bronze and orange.
T.praestans, orange-scarlet, several flowers on one stem.
T. turkestanica, several creamy flowers together on one stem.