Tulips (Tulipa) Nat. Ord. Liliaceas
Thethat we grow in our gardens are not natives of Britain but come to us from Turkey and are believed to have been of Persian origin. Tulips have for so long been favourites amongst horticultural specialists, and have been so intercrossed that the exact origin of any of the modern varieties is difficult to state. Efforts are, however, made to classify the different types for the purpose of identification and exhibition, and the chief classifications are as follows:
Single Early Tulips
These are the first to flower and are the ones most used for formal bedding schemes. These tulips are also the best for forcing into early flowers for decoration at Christmas time and in early January. One of the best-known varieties is Keizerskroon, the common scarlet and yellow tulip.
Double Early Tulips
Because of their double habit these are even more lasting as bedding flowers than the single varieties. But, though the flowers last longer, they are actually not so beautiful, and the majority of them are not so brilliant in colour, as the singles. The best-known variety of this type is Murillo, a pinkish white double tulip.
Cottage Tulips, sometimes called May Flowering Tulips
These are more showy than the early singles on account of their tall stems. These again can be obtained in double or single varieties.
The Darwin Tulips are the most popular of all. The stems are from 24-in. High and the flowers are globe-shaped, with rounded petals, and rather substantial in appearance. Amongst them are found tulips of almost every colour, except a clear yellow.
The Rembrandt Tulips are exactly similar to Darwins except that the colours have “broken,” that is to say, instead of being of one colour the flowers are sometimes “feathered” or “flamed.”
Breeder Tulips are similar to Darwins, being also tall and substantial and mostly self-coloured. They are generally sweetly scented, and for the most part are of bronze, purple or buff colouring. The “Bizarre” and “Bybloemens” are the “broken” forms of Breeder tulips, with “feathered” or “flamed” petals. Lily-flowered tulips are the result of a cross between Tulipa retroflexa and the Darwin tulip. The shape of the flower is particularly charming.
Parrot Tulips have the rather curious and fantastic flowers with large untidy petals broken or fringed at the edge. Until recently, they have been inclined to be dwarf, and to have rather weak stems, but this fault is being overcome by hybridists. As the flowers are particularly showy and brilliant there is probably a big future of popularity in front of this race.
Bunch-flowered Tulips, also appear in modem catalogues. Some of the wild species of tulips habitually have two or three flowers on a stem instead of the single flower head which is most common, and the new bunch-flowered varieties have been obtained by crossing with these species.