THE TERRACE IN GARDEN DESIGN
The terrace is a feature which can be included in a more or less modified form in any garden, whether that of the house or the bungalow. It is far more suited to the house of limited proportions than is generally recognized. Formality is bound to exist in the architectural lines of a house, and in order to form a good link between house and garden, which is one of the secrets of good garden design, these lines should be extended in that part of the garden that is nearest to the house. A terrace makes use of these lines in a charming manner. By its creation, a view is obtained across the plot which can be admired at leisure, since there is room on a terrace for several persons to stand, or sit, together.
Except in the rare cases where the garden slopes upwards from the house, a terrace, or the effect of one, is always an additional feature of charm.
Whether the terrace is raised above the general garden level, or merely a paved portion near the house, bounded by a formal stone balustrade, or hedge, and designed chiefly to give a clean walk along the garden side of the house, the important points are the same. First, there is the question of size, by which is meant chiefly the width, for most terraces extend the whole length of one side of the building. In a, where the terrace is simply a dry walk, it need only be from six to ten feet wide. Where flower-beds form a part of the scheme, more width is needed. It is very important to keep to sensible proportions, that is, not to make the paved terrace too large for the house, nor too small, so that it looks mean and insignificant. The best way to avoid either pitfall is to peg out the area first, and study it in relation to the house and other features.
The width of the terrace is to some extent dictated by the lie of the land, and this also affects the choice of balustrade. Anything may be used, from massive stone balustrading to simple oak posts covered with ivy or other plants. Living hedges are also possible, though these should be close clipped or dwarf shrubs—Box,or Veronicas, for instance.