THE GARDEN ROUND A BUNGALOW
There is, or should be, some difference between the type of garden that is appropriate to a small house, and one that is suitable for a bungalow of the same size. In the one case, though the kitchen quarters may with advantage be lightly screened so that they do not obtrude on the restfulness of the garden, there is no need for strict privacy. In the case of a bungalow, bedrooms and bathrooms are on the ground floor, and it is a first step in garden planning to create barriers between them and the garden. This does not mean that the bedrooms should be shut in by high screens and hedges, or darkened by tall thick shrubs and trees. Nor does it mean that their outlook should be robbed of all garden beauty. Those who have lived in bungalows know that they are ideal for invalids, largely because they bring the garden to them, as it were, through open doors and windows. So the plan of the bungalow garden should be made with this in mind, and special pictures should be arranged in full view of the bedrooms as in the case of the living-rooms.
Take, for instance, a small bungalow with a bedroom on the side where there is a tradesmen’s entrance. The first point to be considered would be the privacy of the bedroom, and for this reason, the path that approaches the kitchen door would be, if possible, a straight one that does not pass too close to the window. Straight, in this case, because to curve a path in order to take it away from the window would defeat its own object—tradesmen would tend to take the shorter cut over grass or border! Between the path and the window either a strip of turf, or a bed of dwarf shrubs and spring bulbs would be sufficient to keep the windows from a too-penetrating inspection.
Alternatively, the window could be rendered still more private by the erection of a light rustic screen about four or five feet away, to which could be trained a fan-shaped cherry, or roses, according to aspect. Behind the screen there might be a narrow border containing, spring bulbs, or if sun is plentiful, scented .
The bungalow garden design must of course include the use of shrubs and trees, but extra care is needed to see that these do not overwhelm the low-roofed building. Dwarf conifers as specimens on the lawn are the best kind of tree or shrub to use near the building, though fruit trees which are not either too heavy, or too tall, are almost as good, perhaps better in some cases.
Vistas assume supreme importance in the bungalow garden. The complete layout of a garden is, in the case of a house, generally best seen from the upper windows. In a bungalow the only way in which a comprehensive view can be obtained is through vistas, which should suggest the character of different sections without making them too obvious. This means that a vista will show a view beyond the lawn to a, and further still to a water garden, but it should not be possible to see the whole of these features without passing down the path. In other words, the vista should be an invitation.