One-Colour Gardens: Red Flowers
Single-colour schemes can be a novel and exciting way of displaying plants. But you do not have to devote an entire garden, border or bed to a single colour, though this could be most impressive. You could try out a scheme in a small bed or part of a border. Besides using flowering plants, include some with coloured foliage, berries and stems. Here I will recommend only flowering plants.
A red scheme
This will create a warm mood in a garden and is particularly cheerful on dull days, of which we seem to have many when the garden is most often used in summer. You could include purplein a red scheme, as well as plants with red-violet, violet, orange-red and orange flowers. A completely red garden could be overdone, so you might consider instead a red border or bed in a part of the garden that needs brightening up.
Many plants have red flowers. Some of the ‘essential’ ones, which need sun and well-drainedunless otherwise stated, are listed here.
PERENNIALS FOR SPRING OR EARLY SUMMER
Bergenia ‘Ballawley’ (moist soil and shade), Lupin ‘The Pages’, Paeonia tactiflora ‘Felix Crousse’ and Papaver orientate ‘Ladybird’.
PERENNIALS FOR SUMMER
‘Fanal’ (moist soil and light shade), dianthus (carnations and pinks), griffithii ‘Fireglow’, Geum ‘Mrs Bradshaw’, Lobelia cardinal is (moist soil and light shade), Lychnis chalcedonica and paniculata ‘Red Indian’ (moist soil).
Spring:interplanted with polyanthus.
Summer:with shrub roses, purple , and a backing of the purple-leaved shrub Cotinus coggygria ‘Royal Purple’.
Autumn: asters (Michaelmas daisies) behind a group ofx bumalda ‘Anthony Waterer’ (still in flower); with frontal groups of schizostylis.
PERENNIALS FOR AUTUMN
Aster novibelgii ‘Winston S. Churchill’.
SHRUBS FOR SPRING
Ribes sanguineum ‘Pulborough Scarlet’.
SHRUBS FOR SUMMER
Cistus x purpureas,‘Crimson Spire’, macrophylla ‘Ami Pasquier’ (needs moist soil and light shade), shrub rose ‘Heidelberg’, Spiraea x bumalda ‘Anthony Waterer’ and ‘Bristol Ruby’.
BEDDING PLANTS FOR SPRING
Polyanthus ‘Crimson King’ (needs moist soil, takes shade).
BEDDING PLANTS AND ANNUALS FOR SUMMER
semperflorens ‘Danica Red’ (likes moist soil and light shade), Dianthus barhatus ‘Crimson Velvet’, Impatiens ‘Blitz’ (likes moist soil and light shade), ‘Mustang’ (seed raised), Petunia ‘Red Joy’, Salvia splendens ‘Fireball’ and Verbena ‘Blaze’.
‘Bacchus’ (summer), Gladiolus ‘Carmen’ (summer), Schizostylis coccinea ‘Major’ (autumn) and tulip ‘Red Riding Hood’ (spring).