How to Grow Blackberries and Loganberries

How to Grow Blackberries and Loganberries

Blackberries

The cultivated blackberry is a great improvement on the wild one in size, yet it still retains the characteristic flavour. Since it is a native of this country, it is very easy to grow and, indeed, the main trouble with blackberry cultivation is to keep the plants under control. Plant them during autumn or winter; they will grow in practically any soil except a light sandy one, on which they do not produce satisfactory fruit. They form a good barrier between different parts of the garden. What I have done with mine is to plant them against a hedge and let them grow up through it.

Dig in plenty of organic matter before planting, and put them at least 10ft. apart. Train them against horizontal wires fastened to really strong posts, or against walls or trellis or on poles. After planting little general cultivation is needed, beyond mulching each year fairly heavily, and applying a general fertiliser in spring if the soil is on the light side.

how-to-grow-blackberries-and-loganberries Pruning and training are not complicated. Each year, as soon as the fruit has been picked, the old canes which have been fruited are cut back to ground level, and the new canes trained in their place. It may be necessary to lay all the new canes on the ground so that they can be disentangled and fastened in place tidily, and a good strong pair of gloves is a ‘must’ when pruning. During the season, as the canes grow, they are trained up above the centre of the plant and along the wires over the old canes. When the latter are removed at the end of the season the new canes are untied and brought down lower to take their place, they are spread in a fan shape, and arranged so that the centre of the fan is left empty for the next year’s new shoots. 

Propagation

Increase by bending down the tips of strong new growths and fixing them to the soil in May or June, when they will root. The tips can then be cut off in September, and the new young plants lifted and planted in their new positions in October or November. 

Varieties

These include Bedford Giant, early but short season; vigorous grower. John Innes, ripens mid-August, and goes on until the first frosts; good for a small garden. Cut-leaved Blackberry, sometimes called the Parsley-leaved Blackberry, late season, also suitable for small gardens; leaves change to pleasant colours in autumn. Merton Thornless, ripens August, high-quality berries; its thornlessness is an additional attraction. 

Loganberries

These are treated in the same way as blackberries. They ripen from mid-July onwards, and should be planted in soils which are on the medium to light side; they are not so amenable to heavy soil, however, as blackberries. In addition to the Loganberry itself there is the Thornless Loganberry.

01. December 2010 by admin
Categories: Fruit Gardening, Gardening Ideas | Tags: , , , , | Comments Off on How to Grow Blackberries and Loganberries

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