Hedging Plants Recommended for Gardens

Recommended Hedging Plants

Aucuba japonica

Evergreen with large laurel-like leaves, light green or yellow spotted. Grows well in shade. Plant 60-90cm (2-3ft) apart. Grows to 2m (6-1/2ft) high. (Boundary hedge)


Deciduous but retaining its russet brown, dead leaves in winter when clipped as a hedge. Excellent for a thin yet rigid hedge. Plant 45cm (18in) apart. To 6m (20ft) high. (Windbreak)

Berberis darwinii and Berberis stenophylla

Evergreen, small-leaved, spiny and impenetrable with small orange or yellow flowers in spring. Plant 60cm (2ft) apart. To 2m (6-1/2ft) high (Flowering)

Box (Buxus sempervirens)

(see image below) Small-leaved evergreen available in green and yellow-leaved (‘Aureo variegata’) varieties. Plant normal kinds 30cm (12in) apart, ‘Suffruticosa’ 15cm (6in) apart. To 2m (6-1/2ft) high. (Formal)

Cotoneaster simonsii


Small semi-evergreen leaves and scarlet berries. Excellent on its own or with other shrubs. Plant 45cm (18in) apart. To 1.4m (5ft) high. (Berry-bearing)


Evergreen, belonging to three different botanical genera, Chamaecyparis, Cupressocyparis and Cupressus. All these plants have very small leaves in feathery sprays and stand clipping well. Tallest and fastest growing is the Leyland cypress (Cupressocyparis leylandii) available in green- and yellow-leaved (‘Castlewellen’ and ‘Robinson’s Gold’) varieties. To 10m (33ft) high. Next fastest is the Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) also available in green- and yellow-leaved varieties. It is less hardy, more liable to blow out and inclined to die as it ages when clipped. To 6m (20ft) high. Slowest is the Lawson cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana) but still capable of growing 60-80cm (24-32in) annually. Available in numerous varieties: dark green, light green, blue-grey and yellow. Very hardy. To 6m (20ft) high. Plant cypresses 80-100cm (32-40in) apart. (Windbreak)


Evergreens with small leaves and white, pink or red flowers in summer. Excellent near the sea and in warm inland gardens. Plant 75cm (2-½ ft) apart. To 2m (6-½) high. (Seaside)

Euonymus japonicus

Evergreen with medium-size leaves, either shining dark green or yellow variegated. Excellent near the sea. Plant 45cm (18in) apart. To 2.5m (8ift) high. (Seaside)

Griselinia littoralis

Evergreen with fairly large, rounded light green or yellow variegated leaves. Excellent near the sea. Plant 60cm (24in) apart. To 2.5m (8-1/2ft) high. (Seaside)

Holly (Ilex aquifolium)

Spiny-leaved evergreen making an impenetrable hedge. Available in dark green, white and yellow variegated varieties. Plant 45-60cm (18-24in) apart. To 4m (13ft) high. (Boundary)



Holm oak (Quercus ilex)

Evergreen with small to medium-size leaves. Excellent by the sea. Plant 60cm (24in) apart. To 6m (20ft) high. (Seaside)

Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus)

Like beech in appearance but grows better on heavy, poorly drained soil. Plant 45cm (18in) apart. To 6m (20ft) high. (Windbreak)


Two kinds are suitable for hedge making, both evergreen, the cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) with large, shining, bright green leaves and the Portugal laurel (Prunus lusitanica) with smaller, darker green leaves. Plant 60-90cm (2-3ft) apart. To 3m (10ft) high. (Boundary)

Laurustinus (Viburnum tinus)

Laurel-like ever- green with clusters of white flowers in winter and spring. Excellent near the sea or in mild inland districts. Plant 60-80cm (24-32in) apart. To 2.5m (8-1/2ft) high. (Seaside)

Lavender (Lavandula)

Aromatic grey-leaved evergreens with blue flowers excellent for small hedges or dividing lines. Plant 30-35cm (12-14in) apart. To 60cm (2ft) high. (Flowering)

Lonicera nitida

Small-leaved evergreen available in green and yellow (‘Baggessen’s Gold’) varieties. Stems not very strong but excellent for hedges to 1.5m (5ft) high. Plant 30-40cm (12-16in) apart. (Formal)

Myrobalan plum (Prunus cerasifera)

Deciduous, spiny and impenetrable when clipped. Available in green- and purple-leaved (`Atropurpurea’) varieties which are attractive intermingled. Plant 60cm (2ft) apart. To 3m (10ft) high. (Boundary)

Privet (Ligustrum ovalifolium)

Semi-evergreen available in green- and yellow-leaved varieties. Plant 30cm (12in) apart. To 2m (6-½ft) high. (Formal)

Prunus cistena

Similar to purple-leaved Myrobalan plum but shorter. Plant 60cm (2ft) apart. To 1.5m (5ft) high. (Boundary)


Various shrub and cluster-flowered (floribunda) roses make attractive flowering hedges but should not be trimmed formally. Some species can also be used and the sweetbriar, Rosa rubiginosa, can be clipped. Plant 45-60cm (18-24in) apart. To 1.5m (5ft) high. (Flowering)

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Evergreen with small aromatic leaves and violet-blue flowers. It is not very hardy but makes an excellent small hedge in mild places. Plant 40cm (16in) apart. To 1.5m (5ft) high. (Flowering)

Thuja plicata

An evergreen, much like Lawson cypress in appearance, available in dark green and yellow variegated (‘Golden Wonder’, Zebrina’) varieties. Plant 60cm (2ft) apart. To 6m (20ft) high. (Windbreak)

Yew (Taxus baccata)

Narrow-leaved evergreen in dark green- and yellow-leaved varieties. Grows in sun or shade; stands heavy clipping. Plant 50-60cm (20-24in) apart. To 3m (10ft) high. (Formal)

24. April 2011 by admin
Categories: Hedging, Plants | Tags: , , | Comments Off on Hedging Plants Recommended for Gardens


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