Grass Lawn Maintenance – Aeration and Lawn Repairs
Grassis required if you are looking to have a stunning and perfect garden lawn. In addition to general grass lawn maintenance such as mowing and edging etc., garden will require aerating and repairing when they become damaged.
Aeration and Topdressing
Thebeneath a lawn which is in continual use can become very hard and compacted, as can one cut regularly with a mower that has a heavy roller. Action is then required to counteract the effect.
If the soil is naturally light and sandy, it may be sufficient to use a wire lawn rake to loosen the surface, and at the same time removeand moss.
Heavier soils are best spiked, but this can be done with an ordinary garden fork, pushing it into the ground for 10-15cm (4-6in), provided you are careful not to lift the turf. On heavy clay, however, it is best to use a special hollow-tined aerator. These remove a fine core of soil.
The cores should be swept off the lawn, and a mixture of peat or leaf-mould and sand (equal parts) brushed into the holes. Apply at about 1kg per sq m (21b per sq yd), and work it into the surface thoroughly. This should be done in autumn, and is beneficial even if cores are not removed.
Another autumn job is to collect fallen leaves, using a besom broom or lawn rake on a small area, a leaf sweeper on a large lawn.
Even the best lawns sometimes suffer damage to an edge, wear in a particular spot, or have a bump or a hollow that has resulted from the ground settling after initial laying or sowing. These are not difficult to rectify, and they should be corrected as soon as they are noticed.
Broken edges are easily repaired by removing a section at least 15cm (6in) wide, and reversing the turf so that the damaged edge is on the inside. Be careful to keep the spade flat when removing the slice of turf, and cut the shape first by pressing the spade into the grass against a straight piece of timber.
If necessary, grass seed can be sown in the patch caused by the damaged edge, but only do this if you can match the grass seed. Don’t sow a patch on a fine lawn with a coarse grass mixture, or vice versa it will always show. Usually the edges will soon knit together anyway.
Bumps can be levelled by lifting the turf and taking out sufficient surplus soil before returning the grass. For a small bump it may only be necessary to peel back a small area.
Hollows can also make mowing difficult. Fill any depressions by cutting a straight line through the centre of the depression, then across either end, like the top and bottom of a capital letter I. Roll back the two freed pieces and put extra soil beneath them.
For very large depressions it is best to remove the turf in strips, fill in with soil, then re-lay the turf. In reverse, the same is true for large lumps. However, providing the site was prepared correctly large bumps and hollows will not occur.