Design and Location for Your Garden Pond
The placing of the garden pond is important: to position it in the wrong area can be a disaster, giving rise to many problems and plenty of regrets. If you place it near deciduous trees, a shower of leaves every autumn will fall into the water and pollute it. In the shade, the flowers will not open as well as they would in the sunshine. If you plant the wrong kind of plants around and in the pond, you won’t be able to see the water for foliage; and if you stock the pond with the wrong fishes there could be an aquatic battleground until the strongest clears the pond of the weaker members.
It is very rewarding to have considered the pond’s shape and size and the livestock and achieved a successful balance. A fine display will give pleasure to your visitors, and you will feel that your efforts have been worthwhile. If the water area is unusual in shape and style, you have the satisfaction of knowing that the pond is unique, and of watching it mature and develop over the years.
If you choose the right method of containing the water, there should be a long period of trouble-free enjoyment without having to keep checking that the liner is not becoming degraded and brittle, that retaining walls are perhaps not quite strong enough and should those cracks really be there? You must also decide whether to have a below-ground or an above-ground pond, what size and type of pump to buy, and whether to have a little light at night or to go the whole hog and put in floodlights (with underwater ones as well) so that you can enjoy evening viewing and entertaining.
The design of the pond should take into consideration the space around the water and how it should be seen and used: will there be plenty of space for people to walk around and view the fishes and plants, or will there be any hazards that could cause someone to trip; is there a place for sitting near the pool; and can your pool be viewed from the house when the weather is not warm or dry? By asking these questions you can make the design functional and practical, and once constructed the pond will give years of interest, pleasure and instruction for the whole family.
Planting Around the Garden Pond
To list suitable plants for the pond owner to choose from in this website is bound to result in some omissions, but this is a selection that will give some variety in type, season, size and colour, and for shallow and deep water as well as boggy conditions. The plant list has been divided into sections for easy selection (with the waterlisted separately because they form such a large group), and the sections are put into separate lists according to size, and then into colours. The choice is based on the plants that are readily available and suitable for the pool, and that will grow in the temperate areas of the world.
Some common plants are very invasive, and where necessary they have been left out because they could spoil the pond where space is restricted. Other plants that are very vigorous have been left in, if it is easy to grow them in a container to stop them spreading and taking over the whole pond. Obviously it would need a vast complex of ponds to contain all the listed plants, but the list will give the pond owner a wide choice of different types; start with half a dozen and increase the varieties as the pond matures.