For cutting in spray form, and for general garden decoration, “Crimson Circle,” “Pink Circle,” “Daffodil,” “Mrs. Phil **page** (red), and “R.A. Roots” (white), are recommended. The dwarf varieties, “Polly” and “Elsie Heady” are both excellent for bedding.
A very brief selection of(in each of the recognized Show groups), recommended for exhibition, is as follows:
Japanese: “Mary Kirkwood” (yellow), “Henry E. Truemann” (white), “Freya” (mauve), “Mrs. A. Holden” (crimson).
Incurved: “Advancement” (white), “Aloma” (yellow), “Progress” (pink).
Anemone-flowered: “Thora” (a circle of rosy rays with prominent pink centre), “Winsome” (crimson with pointed florets).
Pompons: “White Midget,” “Ethel” (red), “Ywawn” (yellow).
Singles: “Bronze Phyllis Cooper,” “Dorothy” (pink). (There are also varieties of Chrysanthemums with quaint spidery or feathery blooms which cannot be classed with any of the above groups).
The new “Cascade” is merely a small flowered variety, which is cultivated so that it forms a floral cascade from the top greenhouse shelf to the floor. It can be obtained in bronze-red, yellow and white.
The effect is produced first by frequent pinching-out, to create bushy growths, then by tilting the stake on which the plant is trained, towards the North, almost horizontally. Tins causes the side growths to develop on one side only of the main stem. Finally, the stake is removed, the pot is turned round, and the plant falls as a cascade.
PYRETHRUM “the poor man’s” is aptly so called. It requires no heat for its cultivation, will grow all the year in the open, and supply a double harvest of cut flowers in profusion, one in spring, and the other in autumn.
Rich green finely cut foliage enhances its value in the border, and either the double flowers, which resemble China Asters, or the single ones which are like coloured Marguerites, are fine decorations for garden or house.
They grow well in ordinary garden, and should be planted iS-in. Apart, in spring, in a good rich loam. Well drained, deeply-dug soil with the addition of some well-rotted manure, suits them admirably, and in the event of exceptionally dry hot weather, a mulch of old manure on the surface will conserve soil moisture.
During the winter months, finely-sifted coal ashes are used to cover the crowns to protect them from the attacks of slugs.
There are a number of new hybrids, of which the following are good for ordinary garden decoration:
Agnes Mary Kelway, bright rose; Albert Victor, crimson; Belle of Somerset, white; Christine Kelway, creamy white; James Kelway, scarlet crimson; Primrose Dame, pale primrose.
Queen Alexandra, pure white; Queen Mary, pink; Pericles, golden yellow, with creamy-pink guard petal; Lord Rosebery, amaranth-red.
Chrysanthemum coronarium is a species often sold as a pot flower in the markets. It grows to a height of 1 ft. and has double flowers in white, primrose or golden yellow.
Seed is sown in February or March, and grown in the greenhouse, as cool as possible, so long as it is protected from frost. Plants are “stopped” once or twice, to make them branch well. Seed can also be sown outdoors in March or April.
C. segetum, or Corn Marigold, is obtainable in two named varieties, “Morning Star”-—pale yellow, and “Evening Star”—golden yellow, both single flowered and both 2-3 ft. high. They deserve far more popularity than they have at present.
C. tricolor (carinatum), is distinguished by having bands of crimson, red and yellow, and white or orange surrounding the central disk. It is very hardy, and if sown in autumn it stands through the winter and flowers much earlier than when sown in spring.
C. inodorum (Bridal Robe) is a white flowered, feathery leaved, bedding plant, most useful for borders, particularly in sunny positions. This is usually raised under glass in boxes.
With all these species the main points to remember are to give them plenty of room to develop—to keepdown with the hoe—to plant them in ordinary well-dug soil, and to cut off dead flowers regularly to prolong the season.
OTHER HARDY PERENNIAL CHRYSANTHEMUMS
C. lencanthemwn, C. maximum and C. uliginosum—the Ox-eye and Shasta daisies, need no special treatment, except that, as they increase so rapidly, annual division of the roots is advisable. In dividing, it is well to discard the central worn out parts of the rootstock, and to replant healthy pieces from the outside of the clump.
C. maximum is best divided in April. It is a fine showy plant in the border, and is obtainable in named varieties, such as: “Mayfield Giant,” “Mrs. Lothian Bell,” “Curly Head” (with incurved petals), “Kenneth” (fringed), and “Marion Collier” (semi-double and fringed).
MARGUERITES (C. frutescens) are more tender than most of the species. They need plenty of leaf mould and sand, and make useful decorative pot plants or bedding-out plants, for summer.
For fine pot plants,must be taken in April. These cuttings are small side shoots cut just below a joint, and inserted singly in small pots filled with three parts sand and one of leaf mould. Stand the pots in a propagating frame, and when roots have formed, pot up into 3-in. pots with equal parts of loamy soil and leaf mould and one quarter silver sand.
In August, re-pot into 5-in. pots with similar. Move into a greenhouse with 50° temperature in September. Give sufficient, but not excess, water, and when roots fill the pots give occasional doses of liquid manure. Plants that have flowered are worthless, and only new-rooted cuttings should be preserved.
SPECIES FOR THE ROCK GARDEN
C. alpinum with short-stalked white Marguerite flowers, is not easy to rear. Light gritty soil, without any lime suits it best.
C. arcticum has rose pink, high standing Marguerites, with low growing foliage.
C. hispanicum has downy silver grey foliage, with golden yellow flowers.
All are propagated by division, but C. alpinum should be planted, after division, in well-drained pots under shade.