CABBAGES (Brassica oleracea)
All thefamily are descendants of the wild cabbage, common in certain coastal districts in this country. There are now two main groups of cabbages, those suitable for summer sowing for use the following spring, called in catalogues “Spring Cabbage,” and those sown in spring to mature either in summer or autumn.
SPRING CABBAGES are sown in the third or fourth week of July, in a nursery bed of fairly rich, not recently manured. If the seeds are covered with finely-sifted wood ashes or lime rubble, will not be troublesome.
A second sowing can be made in August. The plants are set out in permanent positions as soon as possible, about a foot apart in the row, with the rows in. apart. Some varieties may need rather more room. Beyond occasional hoeing, no further attention is required, although the plants respond to occasional doses of liquid fertilizer. For this, an ounce of nitrate of soda in a gallon of water, applied after the soil is wet, is as good as any.
AUTUMN CABBAGES are sown usually under glass in March with successional sowings at intervals up to the beginning of June. In general cultivation they may be treated exactly the same as for spring cabbages, distance apart between the rows being determined by the variety.
RED CABBAGE is grown in the same way as the spring and autumn cabbage, from seeds sown in August, transplanted 6 in. apart to a reserve bed in winter, and planted out in spring in. apart each way.
SAVOY CABBAGES (brassica oleracea bullata major) are similarly sown in prepared beds. Theis a winter green and, like Borecole, is supposed to be better for a touch of frost. Seeds are sown at the end of February or middle of March, and in succession to the middle of April. They are planted out permanently in June or July.
With all the cabbage group, transplanting should be done in showery weather if possible, and in the summer, transplanting should be done in the evenings. If the weather is dry and the plants have to be moved, the roots should be dipped before planting in a nuxture of mud, water and manure. This is called puddling.
The winter and early spring varieties appreciate a little fertilizer of a general character, hoed in at the rate of about 4 oz. per square yard.
Good varieties for theare:
SPRING CABBAGE: “Ellam’s Early” and “Flower of Spring.”
AUTUMN CABBAGE: “Primo” and “Winningstadt.”
SAVOY CABBAGE: “Dwarf Green Curled,” “Drum Head” and “Sugar Loaf.”
PICKLING CABBAGE: “Blood Red.”