A hardy winter vegetable that will succeed on any, light or heavy, but prefers rather heavy loam. Seed is best sown about the beginning of April in a nursery bed, the surface of which is raked to a fine tilth. Seeds are broadcast over this, and as soon as they are through the ground they are thinned out to allow the best plants to establish themselves as sturdy specimens. These are put out, as convenient, in the place where they are to grow on through the winter, allowing 2 ft. between the plants in the row, and about 3 ft. between the rows.
It is a good practice to allow the crop ofto follow the summer and beans. In this case they can be planted out between the rows while the pea crop still stands, so that they are protected from bright sunshine for the first few weeks.
As soon as the peas or beans have been cleared away, the ground between the winter crop should be forked over, and afterwards occasionally hoed. “Clubbing” is sometimes troublesome, but a really good dressing of lime on the ground, before planting, will usually prevent its appearance. Any diseased plants that are noticed at planting time must be discarded, and burnt.
Good varieties for exhibition or home use are “Up-curled” and “Cottager’s Kale.” For exhibition, the plants cut should be dark green, and heavily curled.